Gaza Palestinian History

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict began with the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, and after six days of fighting in June 1967, Israel occupied the West Bank, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, the Golan Heights and the East Bank. At the end of the war, Israel occupied a total of 1.5 million square kilometers, which is about half of Israel's current area.

East Jerusalem, where the holy Old City is located, as well as the West Bank and Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights are under Israeli control.

Israel also began building settlements for its Jewish community in the newly occupied Palestinian territories, including the West Bank and Gaza Strip after 1967. During this time, Israel also began systematically destroying Jewish homes in East Jerusalem, the Old City and the Golan Heights, as well as in Gaza.

The Israeli forces left Gaza and left the new Palestinian Authority to manage and supervise the city and the rest of the Gaza Strip. Palestinian territories, Hamas took control of them, which led to a rift between Hamas and other Palestinian territories, where the Fatah party had a majority in the West Bank. Hamas then took control of the West Bank in 2006, while Fatah (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas retained power in the West Bank. The Israeli forces left Gaza in 2008, leaving the "new" Palestinian Authority with responsibility for managing and monitoring the city, the other cities in Gaza and the rest of the Gaza Strip, and the withdrawal from Israel in 2009.

Egypt ruled the Gaza Strip, Jordan the West Bank and Israel the rest of Palestine. Palestinian guerrilla groups, including Hamas, ceded control of parts of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 2006, owing to the conflict between Fatah and Hamas in the Palestinian Authority in Gaza and a rift between Hamas and other Palestinian territories.

A few years later, in 2007, the Gaza Strip was taken over by the Palestinian Authority, a coalition of Fatah, Hamas, and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The parties of change and reform (green on the map) won the majority. Israeli forces occupied and reentered the Gaza Strip after 11 years of occupation.

Arab concerns were allayed when Israel withdrew from Gaza and ceded control of the territory to the Palestinians. The Israeli settlement population in the West Bank almost doubled between 2005 and 2019. After the withdrawal, the issue of Israel's occupation of Gaza and its extension to the East Bank became so obvious that minimal clarification was needed.

According to the Palestinian Authority's Population Register, there are approximately 214,000 "Jewish settlers" in the West Bank and East Bank, with a total population of 1.5 million. Israeli security forces killed between 3,000 and 4,500 Palestinians in both the West Bank and Gaza between 2000 and 2005.

More than a million Palestinians have been driven from their homes, and the displaced Palestinian Arabs known as Palestinian refugees have been resettled in the West Bank and East Bank, as well as in Gaza. More than half of the Palestinians in what is now Israel have been driven from their homes and fled the destruction of their villages, towns, villages and villages.

The war ended in 1949 with Israel's victory, 750,000 Palestinians were driven out and the territory divided. Millions of Palestinians were under Israeli occupation when Israel captured the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israel occupied the territory in the 1967 Arab-Israeli war and annexed East Jerusalem, while occupying most of the East Bank and Gaza Strip.

The West Bank and Gaza Strip became part of British-mandated Palestine after World War I and remained intact until Israel occupied them in 1967. The East Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza Strip, as well as parts of Israel, were once part of Palestine.

The intifada intensified during the peace talks, and in 1993 a historic peace agreement was signed between the Palestinian Authority and Israel and the United Nations Security Council, called the Oslo Accords. Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and West Bank reached a milestone when Israel withdrew its troops from most areas and Arafat was elected president of the Palestinian Authority by Israel. Barak was willing to offer the entire Gaza Strip, with the exception of East Jerusalem, $90-94, which was increased to $10-25 a year.

So David Ben-Gurion proposed annexing Gaza in 1949 and settling its Palestinian refugees in Israel. The Israeli army took control of part of the territory in response to Palestinian attacks, as fighting between Israelis and the West Bank was reduced. This measure would have been used as an excuse for Israel's 1948 invasion of Gaza and 1967 occupation of East Jerusalem.

The Israeli military occupied the Gaza Strip for the first time, it occupied Sinai, but it lasted six days. In the so-called Arab-Israeli War of 1948, Egypt gained control of the Gaza Strip in exchange for Israel's withdrawal from the West Bank and the right to leave Israel.

More About Gaza

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