Gaza Palestinian Events
The latest round of fighting in Gaza follows three wars that have been fought between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip over the past decade. The decades-old "Israeli-Palestinian conflict" is one of the world's oldest and bloodiest, and the subject of a UN Security Council resolution and a US military operation.
The latest round of fighting in Gaza stems from this development and follows three wars that have been fought between Israel and the territory's Hamas rulers in the past decade. It is the subject of a UN Security Council resolution and a US military operation, and one of the oldest and bloodiest conflicts in the world. In December, Israel launched an offensive against Hamas - which controls the Gaza Strip in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, which lasted six days and left more than 1,000 Palestinians, mostly civilians, dead and thousands more wounded, in Israel.
Egypt ruled, Gaza came under Egyptian rule, and the West Bank was controlled by Jordan, and Israel controlled the rest of Palestine. More than a million Palestinians have been driven from their homes, and more than half of them have become refugees. Many Palestinians have been killed and many of their homes, schools, hospitals and other infrastructure in what has become Israel have been destroyed or displaced as they flee.
Israel's withdrawal from Gaza does not change the fact that Israel remains an occupying power and the Palestinians continue to live under occupation. Only Sinai was returned to Egypt, the rest remains in Israeli hands. Israeli settlements in the West Bank will continue to grow, and violence will only increase if Israeli settlers refuse to leave Gaza.
Palestinian youths killed by Israeli extremists in Jerusalem fired dozens of rockets at Israel, to which Israel responded with many more airstrikes. Israeli security forces cracked down on the protests, further fueling Palestinian outrage. From March to May 2018, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip staged a series of protests against Israel's occupation of their land, water and natural resources. In the following days, Israel targeted Hamas, the other militant groups in Gaza and the West Bank settlement of Beit Hanoun, but Hamas fired several hundred rockets, some of which hit Tel Aviv. Israeli forces attacked Hamas or other Gaza militant groups in retaliation for attacks on Israel and its military base in Hebron on May 6, 2018.
Palestinian territory in a war that ended with Israel's victory in 1949, expelling 750,000 Palestinians and dividing the territory. Today, Palestine theoretically comprises the territories between what is now Israel and Jordan, as well as the Gaza Strip, which borders today's Israel and Egypt.
Together with the West Bank, they form the territory that the Palestinians claim as the state of Palestine. Palestinian territory occupied by Israel in the 1967 war, including Gaza, East Jerusalem, the Golan Heights and parts of the East Bank. Millions of Palestinians have been under its occupation since Israel seized the territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In early 1949, the Israelis succeeded in occupying most of Gaza, as well as large parts of West Jerusalem and East Jerusalem.
Israeli forces stationed on the Israeli side of the fence between Gaza and Israel responded to Palestinian rights demonstrations on the Gaza side with excessive deadly force. The unrest quickly spread to the West Bank and Gaza, and Israelis and Arab communities were also implicated in the unrest. Israeli forces killed 10 Israelis, including six civilians, and wounded at least 58 in actions sometimes praised by Hamas. In one of the deaths, the military wing of Hamas claimed responsibility in Gaza, according to a statement from the Gaza Defense Ministry.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas announced in 2015, after a wave of violence between Israelis and Palestinians, that Palestinians would no longer be bound by the territorial divides created by the Oslo Accords. Hamas and Israel agreed on a six-month ceasefire, with President Carter urging Hamas to accept a cease-fire limited to Gaza, rather than covering the West Bank and Gaza. This was especially true of Gaza, an area Israel captured in the Six-Day War in 1967. Palestinians from Gaza and the West Bank reached a milestone in 2004, after Israel withdrew its troops from most areas and elected Arafat as president of the Palestinian Authority.
The question remains: how much land will Israel leave to the Palestinians, and how much, if any, will Israel cede? Although it is generally agreed that Gaza and the West Bank are now two Palestinian territories, Israel has controlled both from the outset and continued to occupy key territories (including the West Bank and Gaza) while settling in the other. Palestinian control, regulated by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, the Oslo Accords and other international laws.
It is extremely popular to oppose the occupation of Gaza and the West Bank by Israel and its allies in the international community and to advocate a two-state solution to the conflict between the Palestinian Authority and Israel. It has been argued that there is no alternative to respecting the Oslo Accords and ending the occupation of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Hebron and Ramallah, and the Gaza Strip, but it is rejected by many in Israel, the United States, Europe and other countries.